Pollution of water
Mar 9th, 2010 | No Comments, Leave one!
my name is Michal TamáŠ¡, I am 17 years old and I live in Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia. I am interested in water – related problems and my “specialization” is water pollution in Europe. I am also interested in the price and waste of the water. In 2009 I attend a national round of Stockholm Junior Water Prize where I achieved second place. I passed through different competition and my main aim is to spread water issues between young people in Slovakia.
It is well – known that water is getting more expensive and in a few years it could become an strategical raw material, because of the pollution and lack of water in some parts of the world. However, we can do something with this issue. My motto sounds “Water is life, protect it!”.
First of all, I would like to thank to my tutor MikuláŠ¡ Bartal for his priceles time and energy. He gives me inspiration and an opportunity to do something what I really like.
Our first research was to investigate contamination of the river Danube. We were looking for substances as alkylphenols, phthalates and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. These substances are defined by European Union in the Water Framework Directive as the most dangerous for water environment. During this work we have also proved the heterogenity of chemical substances at various parts of the river flow. Furthermore, we tried different methods of samplings such as passive or continual, sampling floats and sediments. The most useful was the sampling of sediments, which we analysed by the method HPLC-FD/UV. This method is reliable, exact and easy. Our goals were met and negative and alarming results are that in each sample we measured a certain amount of these substances. The proposed solutions are the modernization of production, detection of illegal polluters and of course, continued in the regulation of the water flows.
Our second and current research is called “Pharmaceutical degradation in water”. Whole world is trying to improve ecological environment. They have stopped using harmful chemicals in different parts of industry. So as we do. In our work we had more than one goal. Our primary aim was to prove that pharmaceutical substances as ibuprofen or paracetamol are presented in water flows. We achieved this goal thanks to our experiment with sampling the sludges from sewage treatment plant in Slovakia. Our secondary goal was invention of new sewage treatment plant with the ability of reduction of pharmaceutical substances in water. Fortunately, this goals was also met, because we achieved the gently reduction. Better than nothing. We can solve this problem in different ways. Firstly, we need to inform people that there is an opportunity of ecological liquidation of the medicines. Secondly, we need special sewage treatment plants near subjects as hospitals, sanatoriums, etc. because of the high consumption of medicines. There is also another solution of this problem. Doctors could write exact prescription for every patient. Last but not least, we can expand the expiration of this substances with some other chemicals.
However, my work is more chemical than political, because of my passion for chemistry so I believe that the combination of science and politics are the best solution for saving the water. The European Youth Water Summit is a real opportunity to connect these two aspects.